Duhok Governorate lies between (42,20-44,10) longitudinal parallels to the east, between the mountain chains (Bekher- Shndokha) bounding Turkey and Syria from the north and west. It is 430-450 m above the sea level, making it a strategic gate connecting Iraqi Kurdistan with the outside world. Moreover, the city is of an economic and commercial value to the Region. The history of the city dates back to centuries BC. In the Assyrian period, it had a special merit being a commercial, agricultural and military crossing point; therefore the Assyrians occupied it and made it a tax-levy centre for the Assyrian State. (Chwarstoon & Shndookha) cave mirrors the then status quo, where valuable materials were discovered, like gold, silver, copper and iron. Several archaeological citadels were found, including (Za'faraniya)Castle, 5 km off Zakhu, (Sabati) Castle, northeast of (Batoofa) village, and (Admishn) Castle on Mount (Bekher).
Religiously, the city includes several creeds (Islam, Christianity and Ezidism).
Duhok Governorate is a distinctive touristic centre where remarkable and unique tourist sites are found. Following the Spring 1991 Uprising and parliamentary elections, the Regional Government paid attention to Duhok Governorate, commercially and touristically. (see krg.org)